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Open Access Intravital Two-Photon Microscopy Assessment of Renal Protection Efficacy of siRNA for p53 in Experimental Rat Kidney Transplantation Models

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Abstract:

Renal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury, which is unavoidable in renal transplantation, frequently influences both short- and long-term allograft survival. Despite decades of laboratory and clinical investigations, and the advent of renal replacement therapy, the overall mortality rate due to acute tubular injury has changed little. I/R-induced DNA damage results in p53 activation in proximal tubule cells (PTC), leading to their apoptosis. Therefore, we examined the therapeutic effect of temporary p53 inhibition in two rat renal transplantation models on structural and functional aspects of injury using intravital two-photon microscopy. Nephrectomized Sprague-Dawley rats received syngeneic left kidney transplantation either after 40 min of intentional warm ischemia or after combined 5-h cold and 30-min warm ischemia of the graft. Intravenously administrated siRNA for p53 (siP53) has previously been shown to be filtered and reabsorbed by proximal tubular epithelial cells following the warm ischemia/reperfusion injury in a renal clamp model. Here, we showed that it was also taken up by PTC following 5 h of cold ischemia. Compared to saline-treated recipients, treatment with siP53 resulted in conservation of renal function and significantly suppressed the I/R-induced increase in serum creatinine in both kidney transplantation models. Intravital two-photon microscopy revealed that siP53 significantly ameliorated structural and functional damage to the kidney assessed by quantification of tubular cast formation and the number of apoptotic and necrotic tubular cells and by evaluation of blood flow rate. In conclusion, systemic administration of siRNA for p53 is a promising new approach to protect kidneys from I/R injury in renal transplantation.

Keywords: Apoptosis; Ischemia-reperfusion injury; Kidney; Small interfering RNA (siRNA); p53

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/096368910X516619

Affiliations: Department of Urology, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan

Publication date: December 1, 2010

More about this publication?
  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.

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