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Open Access Pancreatic Islet Culture and Preservation Strategies: Advances, Challenges, and Future Outlook

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Abstract:

Postisolation islet survival is a critical step for achieving successful and efficient islet transplantation. This involves the optimization of islet culture in order to prolong survival and functionality in vitro. Many studies have focused on different strategies to culture pancreatic islets in vitro through manipulation of culture media, surface modified substrates, and the use of various techniques such as encapsulation, embedding, scaffold, and bioreactor culture strategies. This review aims to present and discuss the different methodologies employed to optimize pancreatic islet culture in vitro as well as address their respective advantages and drawbacks.

Keywords: Bioreactors; Encapsulation; Islet culture; Scaffolds; Surface modification

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3727/096368910X515872

Affiliations: Department of Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada

Publication date: 2010-12-01

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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