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Open Access An Efficient Approach to Isolation and Characterization of Pre- and Postnatal Umbilical Cord Lining Stem Cells for Clinical Applications

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Abstract:

There have been various forms of mesenchymal stem cell-like (MSC-like) cells isolated from umbilical cords (UCs). The isolation of umbilical cord lining stem cells (ULSCs) may be of great value for those interested in a possible treatment to several disease/disorders. Unlike umbilical cord blood cells, these cells are unique because they can be expanded to therapeutically relevant numbers and cryopreserved for several different uses. Here we efficiently isolate stem cells from a small segment of pre- and postnatal UCs, and obtain therapeutically relevant amounts of ULSCs within 3 weeks. We demonstrate their growth potential and characterize them using immunocytochemistry, flow cytometry, and RT-PCR. In addition, we differentiate ULSCs into multiple lineages. Pre- and postnatal ULSCs are morphologically similar to mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and easily expand to greater than 70 population doublings. They express pluripotent markers Oct4 and nanog at the protein and RNA level. Flow cytometry demonstrates that they express markers indicative of MSCs in addition to high SSEA-4 expression. ULSCs are easily differentiated into osteogenic, adipogenic, chondrogenic, cardiogenic, and neurogenic cells. Pre- and postnatal ULSCs are characteristically similar in respect to their growth, marker expression, and plasticity, demonstrating they are highly conserved throughout development. ULSCs have phenotypic and genotypic properties of MSCs. These studies demonstrate the therapeutic potential of an otherwise discarded tissue. They are a perfect HLA match for the donor and an excellent match for immediate family members; therefore, they may serve as a therapeutic cell source.

Keywords: Cell banking; Clinical applications; Differentiation; Mesenchymal stem cells; Multipotent; Umbilical cord lining

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/096368910X514260

Affiliations: DaVinci Biosciences LLC, Costa Mesa, CA, USA

Publication date: November 1, 2010

More about this publication?
  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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