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Open Access Nonsenescent Hsp27-Upregulated MSCs Implantation Promotes Neuroplasticity in Stroke Model

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Cellular senescence induces changes in cellular physiology, morphology, proliferative capacity, and gene expression. Stem cell senescence might be one of the major issues of limited efficacy of stem cell transplantation. In this study, we demonstrated that implantation of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUCMSCs) cultured in human umbilical cord serum (hUCS) significantly enhanced neuroplasticity and angiogenesis in stroke and ischemic limb models. Immunophenotypic analysis indicated that hUCMSCs cultured in hUCS had more small and rapidly self-renewing cells than those expanded in FCS. The main cause of greater senescence in FCS-cultured cells was increased generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Proteome profiling showed significantly more senescence-associated vimentin in FCS-cultured hUCMSCs than in hUCS-cultured hUCMSCs. In contrast, there was significant upregulation of heat shock protein 27 (Hsp27) in the hUCS-cultured hUCMSCs. By gene targeting, we found that overexpression of Hsp27 may downregulate vimentin expression through inhibition of the nuclear translocation of p65 (NF-B signaling). Thus, an interaction between Hsp27 and vimentin may modulate the degree of senescence in hUCS- and FCS-cultured hUCMSCs. In summary, hUCMSCs exhibiting senescence are detrimental to cell engraftment and differentiation in animal models via activation of NF-B pathway. Human stem cells incubated in hUCS might reduce the senescent process through upregulation of Hsp27 to increase implantation efficiency.

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Keywords: Fetal calf serum (FCS); Heat shock protein 27 (Hsp27); Human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UCMSCs); Human umbilical cord serum (hUCS); Ischemic limbs; NF-B; Reactive oxygen species (ROS); Senescence; Stroke; Vimentin

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Center for Neuropsychiatry, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan

Publication date: 2010-10-01

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.

    Cell Transplantation is now being published by SAGE. Please visit their website for the most recent issues.

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