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Open Access Autologous Bone Marrow Infusion Activates the Progenitor Cell Compartment in Patients With Advanced Liver Cirrhosis

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Abstract:

Several clinical trials of bone marrow cell infusion in patients with liver cirrhosis (LC) have shown clinical improvement, despite conflicting results from animal models. We investigated serial pathological features and the clinical impact after autologous bone marrow infusion (ABMI) in patients with advanced LC. Ten patients with advanced LC due to chronic hepatitis B virus infection underwent ABMI. Serological tests, MRI, and liver biopsies were performed, and quality of life was assessed by a questionnaire. Median serum albumin and hemoglobin levels increased significantly after ABMI. All patients showed an improvement in quality of life, with no serious adverse events. Liver volume, measured by MRI, increased in 80% of the patients, and ascites decreased after ABMI. Child-Pugh scores were also significantly improved at 6 months after ABMI. In the serially biopsied livers, a gradually increasing activation of the hepatic progenitor cell (HPC) compartment, including HPC activation (ductular reaction) and HPC differentiation (intermediate hepatocyte), reached a peak after 3 months, with continued proliferation of hepatocytes, and returned to baseline levels after 6 months. There was no significant change in grade or stage of liver fibrosis or stellate cell activation after ABMI. ABMI is suggested to improve liver function and to activate the progenitor cell compartment. Although clinical improvement was sustained for more than 6 months, histological changes in the liver returned to baseline 6 months after ABMI. Further comparative studies are warranted.

Keywords: Adult bone marrow stem cell; Autologous bone marrow transplantation; Liver cirrhosis; Liver regeneration; Progenitor cell

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/096368910X506863

Affiliations: Department of Internal Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea

Publication date: October 1, 2010

More about this publication?
  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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