Genetic Modification of Donor Hepatocytes Improves Therapeutic Efficacy for Hemophilia B in Mice
Abstract:Hepatocyte transplantation (Tx) holds promise for curing genetic liver diseases. However, a limited number of donor hepatocytes can be transplanted into the host liver. Recipient preconditioning and donor cell engineering are under investigation to improve cell engraftment. In theory, genetically engineered cells secreting therapeutic proteins with superior function could compensate for poor engraftment efficiency. We have generated a bioengineered human coagulation factor IX (FIX) with augmented specific activity (named FIX-Triple). The aim of this study was to evaluate therapeutic efficacy of cell therapy using hemophilia B (HB) as a disease model by transplanting FIX-Triple-secreting hepatocytes. The donor hepatocytes were isolated from FIX-Triple knock-in (KI) or FIX-WT (wild-type) KI mice and transplanted intrasplenically into FIX knock-out (KO) mice. FIX-Triple KI recipients exhibited fourfold higher plasma FIX clotting activity than FIX-WT KI recipients. By repeated Txs, the clotting activity of FIX-Triple KI recipients even increased to more than 10% of normal mouse plasma. The engraftment and FIX production efficiencies of transplanted cells were equivalent between the FIX-WT KI and FIX-Triple KI donors. A hemostatic function assay showed that FIX-Triple KI recipients with repeated Txs had more enhanced clot kinetics and a greater maximum rate of thrombus generation than those with a single Tx. Moreover, FIX inhibitors in these recipients rarely developed. In conclusion, hepatocyte Tx with genetically engineered donor cells is an effective therapeutic strategy for HB.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2010-09-01
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- Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.