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Open Access Suspension Culture of Mammalian Cells Using Thermosensitive Microcarrier That Allows Cell Detachment Without Proteolytic Enzyme Treatment

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Microcarriers are used to expand anchorage-dependent cells in large-scale suspension bioreactors. Proteolytic enzyme treatment is necessary to detach cells cultured on microcarriers for cell harvest or scale-up, but the enzyme treatment damages the cells and extracellular matrices and complicates the culture process. Here, we fabricated thermosensitive microcarriers from which cells can be detached by temperature change without proteolytic enzyme treatment. A thermosensitive polymer, poly-N-isopropylacrylamide (pNIPAAm), was incorporated on the surface of Cytodex-3® microcarriers. pNIPAAm-grafted microcarriers allowed human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hBMMSCs) to adhere, spread, and grow successfully on the microcarriers as nongrafted microcarriers did. By dropping temperature below 32°C, more than 82.5% of hBMMSCs were detached from pNIPAAm-grafted microcarriers. The trypsin treatment for cell detachment induced apoptosis and death of some of the detached cells, but cell detachment from pNIPAAm-grafted microcarriers by temperature change significantly reduced the apoptosis and cell death. pNIPAAm-grafted microcarriers can significantly reduce cell extracellular matrix damage in the cell detachment process and simplify the cell detachment process by avoiding proteolytic enzyme treatment. pNIPAAm-grafted microcarriers would be valuable to a variety of potential fields demanding a large amount of cells without cell damage, such as cell therapy, tissue engineering, and other biological and clinical applications.

Keywords: Cell culture; Microcarrier; Thermosensitive

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 2010-09-01

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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