Open Access The Apelin-APJ Pathway Exists in Cardiomyogenic Cells Derived From Mesenchymal Stem Cells In Vitro and In Vivo

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Abstract:

Our previous study demonstrated that apelin level increased significantly after the treatment of intracoronary implantation of bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMCs), followed by the improvement of cardiac function in patients with severe ischemic heart failure. The present studies both in vivo and in vitro explored whether mesenchymal stem cells derived from bone marrow (BMSCs) activate the apelin-APJ pathway when differentiating into cardiomyogenic cells. Isolated BMSCs from rat femurs and tibias were cultured and expanded for three passages, labeled with DAPI, and treated with 5-azacytidine (5-AZ). BMSCs labeled with ad-EGFP were injected intramyocardially into the peri-infarct area of rat models with acute myocardial infarction. Immunofluorescence staining exposed that CMGs expressed apelin together with myogenic-specific proteins such as α-actin, troponin T, GATA-4, and connexin-43 at 7 days after 5-AZ treatment or EGFP-BMSC injection. RT-PCR revealed that mRNA in CMGs started to express apelin and APJ from day 7 and progressively increased until day 28. Cardiac function, as measured by echocardiography in vivo, was significantly improved in parallel with the extent of apelin expression after BMSC transplantation. Our finding indicated that the expression of the apelin-APJ pathway during differentiation of BMSCs into CMGs may be an important mechanism in regulation of myocardial regeneration and functional recovery after BMSC transplantation.
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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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