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Open Access Effect of Neurotrophin-3 Genetically Modified Olfactory Ensheathing Cells Transplantation on Spinal Cord Injury

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Abstract:

Transplantation of olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs) has emerged as a very promising therapy for spinal cord injury (SCI). Also, local delivery of NT-3 can counteract pathological events and induce a regenerative response after SCI. Supplement of exogenetic NT-3 might be a new approach to SCI repair. In this study, we examined the therapeutic effect of rat NT-3 gene-modified OECs transplantation on SCI. Rat NT-3 gene was transfected into OECs using a retroviral system. The engineered NT-3-OECs were tested for their ability to express and secrete biologically active NT-3 in vitro. Then NT-3-OECs were implanted into contused T9 spinal cord of the adult rats. Their ability of survival and NT-3 production was examined. The effect of axon regeneration was evaluated at the morphological level and promotion of locomotor functional recovery were assessed. The result showed that genetically modified OECs were capable of surviving and producing NT-3 in vivo to significantly improve the recovery after SCI.

Keywords: Gene therapy; Neurotrophin-3 (NT-3); Olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs); Spinal cord injury (SCI); Transplantation

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/096368910X492634

Publication date: February 1, 2010

More about this publication?
  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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