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Open Access A First Semimanual Device for Clinical Intramuscular Repetitive Cell Injections

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Abstract:

Intramuscular cell transplantation in humans requires so far meticulous repetitive cell injections. Performed percutaneously with syringes operated manually, the procedure is very time consuming and requires a lot of concentration to deliver the cells exactly in the required region. This becomes impractical and inaccurate for large volumes of muscle. In order to accelerate this task, to render it more precise, and to perform injections more reproducible in large volumes of muscle, we developed a specific semimanual device for intramuscular repetitive cell injections. Our prototype delivers very small quantities of cell suspension, homogeneously throughout several needles, from a container in the device. It was designed in order to deliver the cells as best as possible only in a given subcutaneous region (in our case, skeletal muscles accessible from the surface), avoiding wasting in skin and hypodermis. The device was tested in monkeys by performing intramuscular allotransplantations of -galactosidase-labeled myoblasts. During transplantations, it was more ergonomic and considerably faster than manually operated syringes, facilitating the cell graft in whole limb muscles. Biopsies of the myoblast-injected muscles 1 month later showed abundant -galactosidase-positive myofibers with homogeneous distribution through the biopsy sections. This is the first device specifically designed for the needs of intramuscular cell transplantation in a clinical context.

Keywords: Cell delivery; Medical devices; Myogenic cells; Skeletal muscle

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3727/096368909X578812

Publication date: 2010-01-01

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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