Functional Characterization of Hepatocytes for Cell Transplantation: Customized Cell Preparation for Each Receptor
Abstract:The first indication of hepatocyte transplantation is inborn liver-based metabolic disorders. Among these, urea cycle disorders leading to the impairment to detoxify ammonia and Crigler-Najjar Syndrome type I, a deficiency in the hepatic UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A1 present the highest incidence. Metabolically qualified human hepatocytes are required for clinical infusion. We proposed fast and sensitive procedures to determine their suitability for transplantation. For this purpose, viability, attachment efficiency, and metabolic functionality (ureogenic capability, cytochrome P450, and phase II activities) are assayed prior to clinical cell infusion to determine the quality of hepatocytes. Moreover, the evaluation of urea synthesis from ammonia and UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A1 activity, a newly developed assay using -estradiol as substrate, allows the possibility of customizing cell preparation for receptors with urea cycle disorders or Crigler-Najjar Syndrome type I. Sources of human liver and factors derived from the procurement of the liver sample (warm and cold ischemia) have also been investigated. The results show that grafts with a cold ischemia time exceeding 15 h and steatosis should not be accepted for hepatocyte transplantation. Finally, livers from non-heart-beating donors are apparently a potential suitable source of hepatocytes, which could enlarge the liver donor pool.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2010-01-01
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- Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.