Open Access Local Delivery of Autologous Platelet in Collagen Matrix Simulated In Situ Articular Cartilage Repair

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Abstract:

Bone marrow released by microfracture or full-thickness cartilage defect can initiate the in situ cartilage repair. However, it can only repair small cartilage defects (<2 cm2). This study aimed to investigate whether autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) transplantation in collagen matrix can improve the in situ bone marrow-initiated cartilage repair. Full-thickness cartilage defects (diameter 4 mm, thickness 3 mm) in the patellar grooves of male New Zealand White rabbits were chosen as a model of in situ cartilage repair. They were treated with bilayer collagen scaffold (group II), PRP and bilayer collagen scaffold (group III), and untreated (group I), respectively (n = 11). The rabbits were sacrificed at 6 and 12 weeks after operation. The repaired tissues were processed for histology and for mechanical test. The results showed that at both 6 and 12 weeks, group III had the largest amounts of cartilage tissue, which restored a larger surface area of the cartilage defects. Moreover, group III had higher histological scores and more glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) content than those in the other two groups (p < 0.05). The Young's modulus of the repaired tissue in group II and group III was higher than that of group I (p < 0.05). Autologous PRP and bilayer collagen matrix stimulated the formation of cartilage tissues. The findings implicated that the combination of PRP with collagen matrix may repair larger cartilage defects that currently require complex autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) or osteochondral grafting.

Keywords: Articular cartilage defect; Collagen matrix; In situ cartilage repair; Platelet-rich plasma (PRP)

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/096368909X12483162197169

Affiliations: Center for Stem Cell and Tissue Engineering, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China; Institute of Cell Biology, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China

Publication date: October 1, 2009

More about this publication?
  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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