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Open Access Superagonist CD28 Antibody Preferentially Expanded Foxp3-Expressing nTreg Cells and Prevented Graft-Versus-Host Diseases

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Regulatory lymphocytes play a pivotal role in preventing organ-specific autoimmune disease and in induction and maintenance of tolerance in various experimental transplantation models. The enhancement of the number and activity of peripheral CD4+CD25+ Treg cells is an obvious goal for the treatment of autoimmunity and for the suppression of alloreactions. The present study demonstrates that naturally occurring CD4+CD25+ Treg (nTreg) cells preferentially proliferate to a fourfold increase within 3 days in response to the administration of a single superagonistic CD28-specific monoclonal antibody (supCD28 mAb). The appearance of increased Foxp3 molecules was accompanied with polarization toward a Th2 cytokine profile with decreased production of IFN-γ and increased production of IL-4 and IL-10 in the expanded Treg subset. Adoptive transfer of supCD28 mAb-expanded cells in a graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) model induced a potent inhibition of lethality. These results suggest that this therapeutic effect is mediated by the in vivo expansion of nTreg cells. Taken together, these data demonstrate that supCD28-mAb may target nTreg cells in vivo and maintain and enhance their potent regulatory functions for the treatment GvHD.

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Keywords: Graft-versus-host disease; Superagonist CD28 antibody; Treg; nTreg

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Laboratory of Transplantation Immunology, National Research Institute for Child Health and Development, Tokyo, Japan; Department of Advanced Technology for Transplantation, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan

Publication date: 2009-05-01

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.

    Cell Transplantation is now being published by SAGE. Please visit their website for the most recent issues.

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