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Open Access Establishment of Mouse Pancreatic Stem Cell Line

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Abstract:

-Cell replacement therapy via islet transplantation is a promising possibility for the optimal treatment of type 1 diabetes. However, such an approach is severely limited by the shortage of donor organs. Pancreatic stem/progenitor cells could become a useful target for -cell replacement therapy in diabetic patients because the cells are abundantly available in the pancreas of these patients and in donor organs. In this study, we established a mouse pancreatic stem cell line without genetic manipulation. The duct-rich population after islet isolation was inoculated into 96-well plates in limiting dilution. From over 200 clones, 15 clones were able to be cultured for over 3 months. The HN#13 cells, which had the highest expression of insulin mRNA after induction, expressed PDX-1 transcription factor, glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor, and cytokeratin-19 (duct-like cells). These cells continue to divide actively beyond the population doubling level (PDL) of 300. Exendin-4 treatment and transduction of PDX-1 and NeuroD proteins by protein transduction technology in HN#13 cells induced insulin and pancreas-related gene expression. This cell line could be useful for analyzing pancreatic stem cell differentiation. Moreover, the isolation technique might be useful for identification and isolation of human pancreatic stem/progenitor cells.

Keywords: BETA2/NeuroD; Exendin-4; PDX-1; Pancreatic duct; Pancreatic stem cell; Protein transduction domain

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Baylor Institute for Immunology Research/Baylor All Saints Medical Center, Baylor Research Institute, Dallas, TX 75204, USA. hirofumn@baylorhealth.edu

Publication date: May 1, 2009

More about this publication?
  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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