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Open Access Comparison of Trypsin Inhibitors in Preservation Solution for Islet Isolation

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Islet transplantation has recently emerged as an effective therapy and potential cure for type 1 diabetes mellitus. Recent reports show that the two-layer method (TLM), which employs oxygenated perfluorochemical (PFC) and University of Wisconsin (UW) solution, is superior to simple cold storage in UW for pancreas preservation in islet transplantation. Moreover, we recently reported that islet yield was significantly higher in the ET-Kyoto solution with ulinastatin (MK)/PFC preservation solution compared with the UW/PFC preservation solution in the porcine model and that the advantages of MK solution are trypsin inhibition and less collagenase inhibition. In this study, we compared ulinastatin with another trypsin inhibitor, Pefabloc, in preservation solution for islet isolation. Islet yield before purification was higher in the MK/PFC group compared with the ET-Kyoto with Pefabloc (PK)/PFC group. The stimulation index was higher for the MK/PFC group than for the PK/PFC group. These data suggest that ET-Kyoto with ulinastatin was the better combination for pancreas preservation than ET-Kyoto with Pefabloc. Based on these data, we now use ET-Kyoto solution with ulinastatin for clinical islet transplantation.

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Keywords: Islet isolation; Islet transplantation; MK solution; Preservation solution; Trypsin inhibitor

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Transplantation Unit, Kyoto University Hospital, Kyoto 606-8507, Japan; Baylor Institute for Immunology Research/Baylor All Saints Medical Center, Baylor Research Institute, Dallas, TX 75204, USA; Department of Advanced Medicine in Biotechnology and Robotics, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya 466-8550, Japan; Second Department of Surgery, Fujita Health University, Aichi 470-1192, Japan. [email protected]

Publication date: 2009-05-01

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.

    Cell Transplantation is now being published by SAGE. Please visit their website for the most recent issues.

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