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Open Access Preservation of Platelets by Adding Epigallocatechin-3-O-Gallate to Platelet Concentrates

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Abstract:

The effect of epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate (EGCG), a major component of green tea, on platelet preservation was evaluated. Single donor platelets (N = 10) were collected and preserved by the standard method. EGCG was added to the platelet concentrates before preservation and then the functional and biochemical parameters were monitored throughout the storage period. After 6 days of preservation, the aggregability of the platelets was significantly maintained by addition of 50 and 100 g/ml of EGCG. Platelet prothrombinase activity was also significantly retained by the addition of EGCG. The accumulation of P-selectin and RANTES in the plasma preserved with EGCG was less than those preserved without EGCG, which indicated that EGCG might inhibit platelet activation. Furthermore, EGCG reduced the increase of LDH in plasma during preservation and inhibited the activation of caspase-3 and cleavage of gelsolin, thereby showing that EGCG could inhibit the apoptosis of platelets. These results suggest that EGCG may play an effective role in preserving platelets by inhibiting the activation and apoptosis of platelets.

Keywords: Green tea polyphenol; Platelet; Preservation; Transfusion

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Institute for Frontier Medical Sciences, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8507, Japan

Publication date: May 1, 2009

More about this publication?
  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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