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Open Access Pancreas Preservation by the Two-Layer Method: Does it Have a Beneficial Effect Compared With Simple Preservation in University of Wisconsin Solution?

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A large number of reports have shown that the two-layer method (TLM), which employs oxygenated perfluorochemical (PFC) and University of Wisconsin (UW) solution, is superior to simple cold storage in UW in islet transplantation. However, two recent large-scale studies showed no beneficial effect of TLM compared with UW storage in human islet transplantation. We reevaluated the effect of TLM by following three groups: group 1: UW simple storage; group 2: TLM performed by multiorgan procurement teams (not specialists of islet isolation); and group 3: TLM performed by specialists of islet isolation (Noguchi and Matsumoto). There were no significant differences between groups 1 and 2, whereas islet yields were significantly higher in group 3 compared with either group 1 or 2. Our data suggest that exact, complete performance of TLM could improve the outcome of islet isolation and transplantation. In this review, we describe the mechanisms of the TLM, the procedure of preoxygenated TLM, and the several possibilities for the reasons of the discrepancy.

Keywords: Adenosine triphosphate; Islet isolation; Islet transplantation; Perfluorochemical; Two-layer method; University of Wisconsin solution

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Baylor Institute for Immunology Research/Baylor All Saints Medical Center, Baylor Research Institute, Dallas, TX, USA.

Publication date: May 1, 2009

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.

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