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Open Access Secreted Products From the Porcine Choroid Plexus Accelerate the Healing of Cutaneous Wounds

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Abstract:

The choroid plexus (CP), located at the blood‐brain interface, is partially responsible for maintaining the composition of cerebrospinal fluid. Epithelial cell clusters isolated from the CP secrete numerous biologically active molecules, and are neuroprotective when transplanted in animal models of Huntington's disease and stroke. The transcriptomic and proteomic profiles of CP may extend beyond CNS applications due to an abundance of trophic and regenerative factors, including vascular endothelial growth factor, transforming growth factor-β, and others. We used microarray to investigate the transcriptome of porcine CP epithelium, and then assessed the in vitro and in vivo regenerative capability of secreted CP products in cell monolayers and full-thickness cutaneous wounds. In vitro, CP reduced the void area of fibroblast and keratinocyte scratch cultures by 70% and 33%, respectively, compared to empty capsule controls, which reduced the area by only 35% and 6%, respectively. In vivo, after 10 days of topical application, CP conditioned medium lyophilate dispersed in antibiotic ointment produced a twofold improvement in incision tensile strength compared to ointment containing lyophilized control medium, and an increase in the regeneration of epidermal appendages from roughly 50‐150 features per wound. Together, these data identify the CP as a source of secreted regenerative molecules to accelerate and improve the healing of superficial wounds and potentially other similar indications.

Keywords: Choroid plexus; Growth factors; Regeneration; Topical; Wound healing

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3727/096368909X12483162197402

Publication date: 2009-12-01

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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