Intramyocardial transplantation of bone marrow-derived stem cells is a potential therapeutic option after myocardial infarction (MI). Intramyocardial administration is invasive but allows efficient and targeted stem cell delivery. Aims of this study were validation of minimal-invasive,
echo-guided closed-chest cell transplantation (CTx) of mononuclear (MNC) or mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) and quantification of systolic left ventricular function and assessment of contractile reserve with high-resolution reconstructive 3D-echocardiography (r3D-echo) 3 weeks after CTx. Female
Fischer344 rats received syngeneic male MNC, MSC, or medium after myocardial ischemia and reperfusion via echo-guided percutaneous injection (open-chest for control). Left ventricular systolic function was measured and dysfunctional myocardium was quantified with r3D-echo. For investigation
of contractile reserve and myocardial viability r3D-echo was additionally conducted during low-dose dobutamine 3 weeks after CTx. Cell persistence after echo-guided CTx was quantified via real-time PCR; scar size was measured histologically. Echo-guided percutaneous CTx was feasible in all
animals (n = 30) without periprocedural complications. After 3 weeks, 1.4 ± 1.1% of transplanted MNC and 1.9 ± 1.2% of MSC were detected. These numbers were comparable to those after open-chest intramyocardial injection of MNC (0.8 ± 1.1%; n = 8, p
= 0.3). In r3D-echo no functional benefit was associated with CTx after MI and reperfusion. All groups (MNC, MSC, and controls) revealed a significant decrease of dysfunctional myocardium and similar contractile reserve during inotropic stimulation.In conclusion, percutaneous echo-guided closed-chest
CTx promises to be an effective and safe approach for CTx in small-animal research. However, intramyocardial CTx of MNC or MSC had no influence on systolic function and contractile reserve after reperfused MI.
No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
Acute myocardial infarction;
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2009-12-01
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