Open Access

Functional Impact of Targeted Closed-Chest Transplantation of Bone Marrow Cells in Rats With Acute Myocardial Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury

Authors: Ghanem, Alexander; Ziomka, Agnieszka; Krausgrill, Benjamin; Schenk, Kerstin; Troatz, Clemens; Miszalski-Jamka, Tomas; Nickenig, Georg; Tiemann, Klaus; Müller-Ehmsen, Jochen

Source: Cell Transplantation, Volume 18, Number 12, December 2009 , pp. 1289-1297(9)

Publisher: Cognizant Communication Corporation

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Abstract:

Intramyocardial transplantation of bone marrow-derived stem cells is a potential therapeutic option after myocardial infarction (MI). Intramyocardial administration is invasive but allows efficient and targeted stem cell delivery. Aims of this study were validation of minimal-invasive, echo-guided closed-chest cell transplantation (CTx) of mononuclear (MNC) or mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) and quantification of systolic left ventricular function and assessment of contractile reserve with high-resolution reconstructive 3D-echocardiography (r3D-echo) 3 weeks after CTx. Female Fischer344 rats received syngeneic male MNC, MSC, or medium after myocardial ischemia and reperfusion via echo-guided percutaneous injection (open-chest for control). Left ventricular systolic function was measured and dysfunctional myocardium was quantified with r3D-echo. For investigation of contractile reserve and myocardial viability r3D-echo was additionally conducted during low-dose dobutamine 3 weeks after CTx. Cell persistence after echo-guided CTx was quantified via real-time PCR; scar size was measured histologically. Echo-guided percutaneous CTx was feasible in all animals (n = 30) without periprocedural complications. After 3 weeks, 1.4 ± 1.1% of transplanted MNC and 1.9 ± 1.2% of MSC were detected. These numbers were comparable to those after open-chest intramyocardial injection of MNC (0.8 ± 1.1%; n = 8, p = 0.3). In r3D-echo no functional benefit was associated with CTx after MI and reperfusion. All groups (MNC, MSC, and controls) revealed a significant decrease of dysfunctional myocardium and similar contractile reserve during inotropic stimulation.In conclusion, percutaneous echo-guided closed-chest CTx promises to be an effective and safe approach for CTx in small-animal research. However, intramyocardial CTx of MNC or MSC had no influence on systolic function and contractile reserve after reperfused MI.
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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.

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