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Open Access Small Agarose Microcapsules With Cell-Enclosing Hollow Core for Cell Therapy: Transplantation of Ifosfamide-Activating Cells to the Mice With Preestablished Subcutaneous Tumor

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Cell transplantation after enclosing in microcapsules has been studied as an alternative approach for treatment of wide variety of diseases. In the present study, we examined the feasibility of using agarose microcapsules, having a cell-enclosing hollow core of 100‐150 m in diameter and agarose gel membrane of about 20 m in thickness, as a device for the methodology. We enclosed cells that had been genetically engineered to express cytochrome P450 2B1, an enzyme that activates the anticancer prodrug ifosfamide. The enclosed cells were shown to express the enzymatic function in the microcapsules in that they suppressed the growth of tumor cells in medium containing ifosfamide. In addition, a more significant regression of preformed tumors was observed in the nude mice implanted with the cell-enclosing microcapsules compared with those implanted with empty capsules after administration of ifosfamide. Preformed tumors shrank by less than 40% in volume in 6 of the 10 recipients implanted with cell-enclosing microcapsules. In contrast, only 1 in 10 of the preformed tumors in the recipient implanted with empty microcapsules shrank by this amount. These results suggest that agarose microcapsules containing cytochrome P450 2B1 enzyme-expressing cells are feasible devices for improving the chemotherapy of tumors. Thus, agarose microcapsule having hollow cores are generally a good candidate as vehicles for cell-encapsulation approaches to cell therapy.

Keywords: Cell therapy; Cytochrome P450; Hollow-core agarose microcapsule; Ifosfamide; Local therapy

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Kyushu University, Fukuoka-city, Fukuoka, Japan

Publication date: 2009-08-01

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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