Small Agarose Microcapsules With Cell-Enclosing Hollow Core for Cell Therapy: Transplantation of Ifosfamide-Activating Cells to the Mice With Preestablished Subcutaneous Tumor
Abstract:Cell transplantation after enclosing in microcapsules has been studied as an alternative approach for treatment of wide variety of diseases. In the present study, we examined the feasibility of using agarose microcapsules, having a cell-enclosing hollow core of 100‐150 m in diameter and agarose gel membrane of about 20 m in thickness, as a device for the methodology. We enclosed cells that had been genetically engineered to express cytochrome P450 2B1, an enzyme that activates the anticancer prodrug ifosfamide. The enclosed cells were shown to express the enzymatic function in the microcapsules in that they suppressed the growth of tumor cells in medium containing ifosfamide. In addition, a more significant regression of preformed tumors was observed in the nude mice implanted with the cell-enclosing microcapsules compared with those implanted with empty capsules after administration of ifosfamide. Preformed tumors shrank by less than 40% in volume in 6 of the 10 recipients implanted with cell-enclosing microcapsules. In contrast, only 1 in 10 of the preformed tumors in the recipient implanted with empty microcapsules shrank by this amount. These results suggest that agarose microcapsules containing cytochrome P450 2B1 enzyme-expressing cells are feasible devices for improving the chemotherapy of tumors. Thus, agarose microcapsule having hollow cores are generally a good candidate as vehicles for cell-encapsulation approaches to cell therapy.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Kyushu University, Fukuoka-city, Fukuoka, Japan
Publication date: 2009-08-01
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