Skip to main content

Open Access Amniotic Mesenchymal Tissue Cells Inhibit Dendritic Cell Differentiation of Peripheral Blood and Amnion Resident Monocytes

Download Article:
(HTML 82.9 kb)
(PDF 253.4 kb)


Cells derived from the amniotic membranes of human term placenta have drawn much interest for their characteristics of multipotency and low immunogenicity, supporting a variety of possible clinical applications in the field of cell transplantation and regenerative medicine. We have previously shown that cells derived from the mesenchymal region of human amnion (AMTC) can strongly inhibit T-lymphocyte proliferation. In this study, we demonstrate that AMTC can block differentiation and maturation of monocytes into dendritic cells (DC), preventing the expression of the DC marker CD1a and reducing the expression of HLA-DR, CD80, and CD83. The monocyte maturation block resulted in impaired allostimulatory ability of these cells on allogeneic T cells. In attempting to define the mechanisms responsible for these findings, we have observed that the presence of AMTC in differentiating DC cultures results in the arrest of the cells to the G0 phase and abolishes the production of inflammatory cytokines such as TNF-α, CXCL10, CXCL9, and CCL5. Finally, we also demonstrate that the monocytic cells present in the amniotic mesenchymal region fail to differentiate toward the DC lineage. Taken together, our data suggest that the mechanisms by which AMTC exert immumodulatory effects do not only relate directly to T cells, but also include inhibition of the generation and maturation of antigen-presenting cells. In this context, AMTC represent a very attractive source of multipotent allogeneic cells that promise to be remarkably valuable for cell transplantation approaches, not only due to their low immunogenicity, but also because of the added potential of modulating immune responses, which could be fundamental both for controlling graft rejection after transplantation and also for controlling diseases characterized by inflammatory processes.

Keywords: Amnion; Cell transplantation; Dendritic cell; Human placenta; Immunosuppression; Mesenchymal stromal cell; Monocyte

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Centro di Ricerca E. Menni, Fondazione Poliambulanza Istituto Ospedaliero, Brescia, Italy

Publication date: August 1, 2009

More about this publication?
  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more
Real Time Web Analytics