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Open Access Overexpression of Follistatin in Human Myoblasts Increases Their Proliferation and Differentiation, and Improves the Graft Success in SCID Mice

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Abstract:

Duchenne muscular dystrophy is caused by the absence of functional dystrophin, leading to the myofiber membrane instability and progressive muscle atrophy. Myoblast transplantation in dystrophic muscles is a potential therapy, as it permits the long-term restoration of dystrophin expression in transplanted muscles. However, the success of this approach is limited by the short period of muscle repair following myoblast transplantation. Myostatin, a powerful inhibitor of muscle growth, is involved in terminating the period of muscle repair following injury by reducing myoblast proliferation and differentiation. Follistatin forms a complex with myostatin, preventing its interaction with its receptor and thus blocking the myostatin signal. Here, we used a lentivirus to overexpress the follistatin protein in normal myoblasts to block the myostatin signaling. We measured the potential of transduced myoblasts to proliferate and to form multinucleated myotubes in vitro. And finally, we considered the engraftment success of those transduced myoblasts in comparison with control cells in vivo within SCID mice TA muscle. Our results first confirmed the overexpression of follistatin into lentivirus transduced myoblasts, and second showed that the overexpression of the follistatin in normal human myoblasts improved in vitro their proliferation rate by about 1.5-fold after 96 h and also their differentiation rate by about 1.6- and 1.8-fold, respectively, in the absence and in the presence of recombinant myostatin. Finally, our data demonstrated that the engraftment of human normal myoblasts overexpressing the follistatin protein into SCID mouse muscles was enhanced by twofold.

Keywords: Duchenne muscular dystrophy; Follistatin; Myoblast transplantation; Myostatin

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3727/096368909X470865

Publication date: 2009-07-01

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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