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Open Access Bone Regeneration and Neovascularization Processes in a Pellet Culture System for Periosteal Cells

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Abstract:

Reliable bone regeneration can be achieved with a pellet culture system using bovine periosteal cells. However, bone regeneration and neovascularization processes in this system have remained unclear. The present study aimed to clarify the extracellular environment and neovascularization process. To detect components of the extracellular matrix secreted by cells and to identify the conditions necessary for bone regeneration in the body, Western blotting and in vivo tests in nude mice were performed. Cells were cultured with or without ascorbic acid and culture supernatant was precipitated. Western blotting showed that culture supernatant contained collagen type I, procollagen type I, and procollagen type I C-terminus when cells were cultured with ascorbic acid. Cells cultured with ascorbic acid formed partial bony tissues at 2 weeks after grafting to nude mice, while bone formation was missing without ascorbic acid. Immunostaining was performed using species-specific vascular endothelial cell markers to ascertain whether vascular endothelial cells were bovine or murine (nude mouse). Immunohistological methods showed vascular endothelial cells in osseous tissue formed in the subcutaneous tissue of nude mice were murine. Extracellular matrix synthesis in vitro and host blood flow in vivo are essential for bone regeneration.

Keywords: Bovine periosteal cells; Collagen type I; Procollagen type I; Species-specific vascular endothelial cell markers; Western blotting

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3727/096368909788809820

Affiliations: Department of Biomaterials, Osaka Dental University, Osaka, Japan

Publication date: 2009-04-01

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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