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Open Access Neurotrophism of Bone Marrow Stromal Cells to Embryonic Stem Cells: Noncontact Induction and Transplantation to a Mouse Ischemic Stroke Model

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Abstract:

Embryonic stem (ES) cell-derived cell products may serve as a source of cells for regenerative medicine. Currently available technologies for the induction of ES cells into neural lineage cells require extended culturing in vitro and complex procedural manipulations, with variable yields of heterogeneous cells, which have hindered the prospective use of cell derivatives for treatment of ischemic stroke. We established a simple and efficient method to derive mouse ES cells into neural lineage cells using an 8-day coculture with the bone marrow stromal cells MS5, followed by a 6-day propagation culture and a 4-day selection culture. The protocol generated a relatively high yield of neural lineage cells without any mesodermal and endodermal lineage commitment. In in vivo study, these derived cells could improve the cognitive function of ischemic stroke mice. Three weeks after transplantation, migration of implanted cells to lesioned areas was noted. It was also evident of a normalization of pyramidal neuron density and morphology in hippocampal CA1 region. One (1/17) episode of teratoma development was noted. Data suggested that MS5 cells may exert a neurotrophic effect to enhance neural differentiation of ES cells and MS5-induced ES cell-derived cells appeared to be applicable to cell therapy for ischemic stroke.

Keywords: Coculture; Differentiation; Embryonic stem cell; Ischemic stroke; Stromal cell; Transplantation

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/096368909788809767

Affiliations: Li Ka Shing Institute of Health Sciences, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong; Department of Anatomical and Cellular Pathology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Hong Kong

Publication date: April 1, 2009

More about this publication?
  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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