Neurotrophism of Bone Marrow Stromal Cells to Embryonic Stem Cells: Noncontact Induction and Transplantation to a Mouse Ischemic Stroke Model
Abstract:Embryonic stem (ES) cell-derived cell products may serve as a source of cells for regenerative medicine. Currently available technologies for the induction of ES cells into neural lineage cells require extended culturing in vitro and complex procedural manipulations, with variable yields of heterogeneous cells, which have hindered the prospective use of cell derivatives for treatment of ischemic stroke. We established a simple and efficient method to derive mouse ES cells into neural lineage cells using an 8-day coculture with the bone marrow stromal cells MS5, followed by a 6-day propagation culture and a 4-day selection culture. The protocol generated a relatively high yield of neural lineage cells without any mesodermal and endodermal lineage commitment. In in vivo study, these derived cells could improve the cognitive function of ischemic stroke mice. Three weeks after transplantation, migration of implanted cells to lesioned areas was noted. It was also evident of a normalization of pyramidal neuron density and morphology in hippocampal CA1 region. One (1/17) episode of teratoma development was noted. Data suggested that MS5 cells may exert a neurotrophic effect to enhance neural differentiation of ES cells and MS5-induced ES cell-derived cells appeared to be applicable to cell therapy for ischemic stroke.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Li Ka Shing Institute of Health Sciences, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong; Department of Anatomical and Cellular Pathology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Hong Kong
Publication date: April 1, 2009
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