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Open Access Intramyocardial Injection of Autologous Platelet-Rich Plasma Combined With Transmyocardial Revascularization

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Abstract:

Transmyocardial revascularization (TMR) can improve refractory angina but does not consistently demonstrate an effect on myocardial function. Recent studies suggest a synergistic effect between TMR and exogenously supplied growth factors. We evaluated the clinical role of intramyocardial injection of autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in conjunction with TMR. Twenty-five nonrevascularizable patients with class III/IV angina underwent minimally invasive sole therapy TMR during a 5-year period at a single institution. Group 1 (14 patients) underwent TMR alone while group 2 (11 patients) underwent TMR plus injection of PRP (Magellan plasma separator) between TMR channels. Blinded angina assessment and ejection fraction (EF) were measured preoperatively and at 6 months postoperatively. Baseline EF (57 ± 10% vs. 50 ± 7%), angina class (3.7 ± 0.5 vs. 3.7 ± 0.5), and the number of channels (48 ± 5 vs. 48 ± 4) were statistically similar in both groups. At 6 months, two class angina relief was similar in both groups (92% vs. 100%, p = 0.4); however, the TMR + PRP group had a lower average angina score (1.3 vs. 0.4, p = 0.07) and more were angina free (23% vs. 78%, p = 0.04) than the TMR-alone group. EF improved in the TMR + PRP group (−2.0% vs. +9.0%, p = 0.07) compared to the TMR-alone group. Two 30-day morbidities occurred in the TMR-alone group (atrial fibrillation and left pleural effusion) and one mortality occurred in the TMR + PRP group. Intramyocardial injection of autologous PRP combined with TMR may be more efficacious at relieving angina and improving myocardial function than TMR alone.

Keywords: Angina; Angiogenesis; Growth factors; Platelet-rich plasma (PRP); Stem cells; Transmyocardial revascularization (TMR)

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3727/096368909788534988

Affiliations: Peninsula Regional Medical Center, Salisbury, MD, USA. kwehberg@msn.com

Publication date: 2009-03-01

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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