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Open Access Early Translation of Adipose-Derived Cell Therapy for Cardiovascular Disease

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Abstract:

Over the past decade, cell therapy has emerged as a new approach to reversing myocardial ischemia. Several types of adult stem cells have been studied in both preclinical and clinical conditions for this purpose: bone marrow cells, circulating cells, and myoblasts. Nevertheless, the quest for the ideal “anti-ischemic” cell is still ongoing. Recently, the existence of a population of stem cells located in adipose tissue (adipose-derived stem cells) has been observed. These are able to differentiate into multiple cell lineages including cardiomyocytic differentiation. In this review we discuss the basic principles of adipose-derived stem cells (types and characteristics, harvesting, and expansion), the initial experimental studies, and the currently ongoing clinical trials.

Keywords: APOLLO trial; Adipose tissue; Adipose-derived stem cells; Cardiovascular repair; PRECISE trial; Stem cells

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3727/096368909788534889

Affiliations: Cardiology Department, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Madrid, Spain

Publication date: 2009-03-01

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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