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Open Access Cartilage Regeneration of Adipose-Derived Stem Cells in a Hybrid Scaffold From Fibrin-Modified PLGA

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Abstract:

Adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) appear to be a useful stem cell population, which has been shown to possess multipotentiality. The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility of ASCs in tissue-engineered cartilage using a hybrid scaffold from fibrin-modified PLGA scaffold. ASCs were isolated from rabbit adipose tissue. The PLGA scaffold was prepared by low-temperature deposition technology and the hybrid scaffold was fabricated by a freeze-drying method. When ASCs were seeded onto fibrin-modified PLGA scaffold in vitro, enhanced cellular viability was observed compared to unmodified PLGA scaffold. The analysis of proteoglycan and collagen II revealed that fibrin-modified scaffold succeeded in inducing ASCs to differentiate into chondrocytes in vitro. A preliminary study on cartilage regeneration was also performed in vivo. Observation of histology and immunoblotting demonstrated that ASCs containing the hybrid scaffold promoted cartilage regeneration in the defects of articular cartilage much better than other groups. These results indicated that ASCs containing the hybrid scaffold are a more effective way to potentially enhance articular cartilage regeneration.

Keywords: Adipose; Cartilage regeneration; Fibrin; PLGA; Scaffold; Stem cells

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/096368909788341261

Publication date: February 1, 2009

More about this publication?
  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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