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Open Access Toward Improving Human Islet Isolation From Younger Donors: Rescue Purification Is Efficient for Trapped Islets

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Abstract:

Several reports suggest that islets isolated from younger donor pancreata are of better quality for clinical islet transplantation. The relative inefficiency of the continuous gradient purification process (CGP) is one of the major obstacles to the utilization of these younger donor pancreata. This study demonstrates the benefits of utilizing an additional purification step, rescue gradient purification (RGP), to recover trapped islets and examines the possible superiority of these rescued islets. Seventy-three human islet isolations purified by RGP following CGP were divided into two groups based on age, and the isolation results were retrospectively analyzed (group I: age ≤40, group II: age >40). The quality of islets from both CGP and RGP were assessed by -cell fractional viability (FV) and ADP/ATP ratio. Significant increases in the percent islet recovery from RGP and the percent trapped islets in group I compared to group II were observed. Donor age correlated negatively to the percent islets recovered from RGP (R = 0.440) and to the percent of trapped islets (R = 0.511). RGP islets had higher FV and better ADP/ATP ratio compared to CGP islets. In conclusion, RGP improved the efficiency in the purification of trapped islets, which often come from younger donor pancreata. The better quality of -cells in RGP islets encourages us to perform RGP, considering the higher quality as well as the quantity of remaining islets.

Keywords: Islet transplantation; Purification; Trapped islet; Viability; Young donor

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3727/096368909788237159

Publication date: 2009-01-01

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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