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Prolonged Survival of Microencapsulated Neonatal Porcine Islet Xenografts in Immune-Competent Mice without Antirejection Therapy

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Several studies have demonstrated that in vitro culture of islets prolonged islet graft survival in immune-competent mice without administration of antirejection drugs. However, we recently showed that in vitro cultured microencapsulated neonatal porcine islets (NPI) were rejected in immune-competent mice not receiving antirejection therapy. The aim of this study was to determine whether culture of microencapsulated NPI in vivo could promote long-term survival of microencapsulated NPI in immune-competent mice without administration of antirejection drugs. Microencapsulated NPI that were cultured in vitro for 7 and 50 days or transplanted initially in immune-deficient C.B.-17 SCID-BEIGE mice for 100 days (in vivo cultured) were characterized and transplanted into streptozotocin-induced diabetic immune-competent BALB/c mice. Day 50 in vitro cultured and day 100 in vivo cultured microencapsulated NPI showed significantly higher insulin and DNA content, indicating maturation of NPI compared to day 7 in vitro cultured microencapsulated NPI. Interestingly, in vivo cultured microencapsulated NPI expressed lower levels of porcine antigens compared to day 7 and day 50 in vitro cultured microencapsulated NPI. Transplantation of day 7 in vitro cultured microencapsulated NPI did not reverse diabetes in immune-competent BALB/c mouse recipients. In contrast, transplantation of day 50 in vitro cultured and in vivo cultured microencapsulated NPI into diabetic immune-competent BALB/c mice resulted in the immediate reversal of hyperglycemia within 2 days posttransplantation. However, all recipients of day 50 in vitro cultured microencapsulated NPI eventually rejected their grafts by day 15 posttransplantation, while 6 of 10 BALB/c mouse recipients of in vivo cultured microencapsulated NPI maintained normoglycemia for 100 days posttransplantation. These results show that in vivo culture of NPI in immune-deficient mice results in the modulation of NPI, which allows for their long-term survival in immune-competent mice without antirejection therapy.
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Keywords: Immune modulation; Islet transplantation; Maturation; Microencapsulation; Neonatal porcine islets; Type 1 diabetes

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2008-10-01

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.

    Cell Transplantation is now being published by SAGE. Please visit their website for the most recent issues.

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