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The Fate of Implanted Syngenic Muscle Precursor Cells in Injured Striated Urethral Sphincter of Female Rats

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Abstract:

We studied the outcome of syngenic skeletal muscle precursor cells (MPCs) implanted in the striated urethral sphincter of the female rat. These cells were injected at the site of a longitudinal sphincterotomy performed 21 days before implantation. MPCs were isolated from the striated hindlimb muscles of syngenic adult rats and were infected with a retrovirus carrying the gene for either the green fluorescent protein (GFP) or the β-galactosidase enzyme (β-gal). MPCs (2 × 105) were injected longitudinally at the site of the lesion in 48 animals using a 10-μl Hamilton syringe. Then the whole urethras were excised from 2 h up to 90 days for cross section immunocytochemistry analysis. All the urethras exhibited connective tissue in place of the injury of the striated fibers. Two hours after injection a cluster of small round basophilic cells was observable at the site of injection and some of them expressed GFP or β-gal. A few GFP- and β-gal-positive cells were already detectable 7 days after injection. A large amount of injected cells probably died after injection. Many striated fibers of the urethra became GFP positive from day 7 until day 21, suggesting that few MPCs were allowed to incorporate the divided extremities of the striated fibers from day 7. Unfortunately, we did not observe centronucleated regenerated fibers in this experiment.

Keywords: Grafted MPCs; Muscle precursor cells (MPCs); Sphincteric deficiency; Urethral sphincter

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/096368908787236530

Publication date: October 1, 2008

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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