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Mesenchymal Stem Cells Protective Effect in Adriamycin Model of Nephropathy

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Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) may be of value in regeneration of renal tissue after damage; however, lack of biological knowledge and variability of results in animal models limit their utilization. We studied the effects of MSCs on podocytes in vitro and in vivo utilizing adriamycin (ADR) as a model of renal toxicity. The in vivo experimental approach was carried out in male Sprague-Dawley rats (overall 60 animals) treated with different ADR schemes to induce acute and chronic nephrosis. MSCs were given a) concomitantly to ADR in tail vein or b) in aorta and c) in tail vein 60 days after ADR. Homing was assessed with PKH26-MSCs. MSCs rescued podocytes from apoptosis induced by ADR in vitro. The maximal effect (80% rescue) was obtained with MSCs/podocytes coculture ratio of 1:1 for 72 h. All rats treated with ADR developed nephrosis. MSCs did not modify the clinical parameters (i.e., proteinuria, serum creatinine, lipids) but protected the kidney from severe glomerulosclerosis when given concomitantly to ADR. Rats given MSCs 60 days after ADR developed the same severe renal damage. Only a few MSCs were found in renal tubule-interstitial areas 1‐24 h after injection and no MSCs were detected in glomeruli. MSCs reduced apoptosis of podocytes treated with ADR in vitro. Early and repeated MSCs infusion blunted glomerular damage in chronic ADR-induced nephropathy. MSCs did not modify proteinuria and progression to renal failure, which implies lack of regenerative potential in this model.
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Keywords: Adriamycin; Kidney; Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs); Nephrotic syndrome; Podocytes; Regeneration

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2008-10-01

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.

    Cell Transplantation is now being published by SAGE. Please visit their website for the most recent issues.

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