Immunological Tolerance-Related Genes in a Spontaneous Tolerant Model of Rat Liver Transplantation Explored by Suppression Subtractive Hybridization
Abstract:Natural immunological tolerance can be induced in certain types of allogeneic liver transplantation in rats. To screen for genes associated with the induction of tolerance, suppression subtractive hybridization was performed in the rat liver transplantation model between a DA donor and PVG recipient combination where spontaneous immunological tolerance is known to occur without any immunosuppressive treatment. As a result, 112 genes were cloned from a DA liver graft that survived for 20 days in the fully allogeneic PVG recipient. After confirmation of the expression intensity using an in-house manufactured DNA array with cDNAs from the DA graft, 36 genes were classified in the highly expressed group and 26 moderately expressed group. In the first group, there were 8 immunoglobulin-related genes and 6 MHC class II-related genes, suggesting the existence of an underlying rejection response. Among those genes, an antiapoptotic gene in the p38 MAP kinase pathway, heme oxygenase gene (HO-1), and a ras cascade gene, IQ motif containing GTPase activating protein 1 (Iqgap1), retained biological significance. The results suggested that the molecular response to a liver graft tends to be antiapoptotic and to terminate the rejection response. Unfortunately, there was no gene identified that qualified as a putative immunosuppressive protein, liver suppressor factor-1 (LSF-1). The panel of genes identified in the present work will be a useful panel of candidate genes to investigate the induction of spontaneous tolerance.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: *Department of Innovative Surgery, National Research Institute for Child Health and Development, Tokyo, Japan 2: Department of Pathology, National Research Institute for Child Health and Development, Tokyo, Japan 3: Department of Molecular, Cell Pharmacology, National Research Institute for Child Health and Development, Tokyo, Japan 4: Department of Innovative Surgery, National Research Institute for Child Health and Development, Tokyo, Japan
Publication date: 2008-01-01
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