Immortalized Hepatocytes Using Human Artificial Chromosome
The shortage of organ donors has impeded the development of human hepatocyte transplantation. Immortalized hepatocytes could provide an unlimited supply of transplantable cells. To determine whether immortalized hepatocytes could provide global metabolic support in end-stage liver disease, rat hepatocyte clones were developed by transduction with the gene encoding the Simian virus 40 T antigen (SVT) using the human artificial minichromosome (HAC). The SVLT sequence was excised by FRT recombination. Following HAC infusion, the transduced hepatocytes express SVT, blasticidine resistance (BS), and the PGK promoter TK gene. Forty-six cell clones were obtained and at least partially characterized, as previously described, for albumin, α-1-antitrypsin, glucose-6-phosphatase (G6Pase), dipeptidylpeptidase 4 (Dpp4), -glutamyltransferase 1 (Ggt), SVT, and -actin expression using RT-PCR. Clones were also assessed for albumin secretion into the culture medium using ELISA. All of the cell line secreted approximately 10 mg/dl of albumin, which is equivalent to the amount secreted by primary hepatocytes. In further experiments, this cell line will be used for transplantable cells or artificial organ using HAC. These results represent an important step toward the development of immortalized hepatocytes.
Human artificial minichromosome;
Document Type: Research Article
Department of Surgery, Fujita-Health University, Toyaoke City, Aichi, Japan
Institute for Comprehensive Medical Science, Fujita-Health University, Toyoake City, Aichi, Japan
Department of Surgery, Okayama University, Okayama, Japan
Department of Surgery, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA
Publication date: January 1, 2008
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Anatomy & Physiology
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Fox, Ira J.