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Recombinant Sendai Virus-Mediated Gene Transfer to Adipose Tissue-Derived Stem Cells (ASCs)

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Abstract:

Adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ASCs) are expected to have clinical applications as well as other stem cells, because ASCs can be obtained safely from adult donors and used in autologous therapies without concern about rejection and the need for immunosuppression. However, the use of gene transfer with Sendai virus (SeV) vectors, which can efficiently introduce foreign genes without toxicity into several cells, with ASCs has not yet been investigated. This study documents on the use of SeV vectors for gene transfer to ASCs. The dose-dependent GFP expression of ASCs transfected with SeV vectors after 48 h of culture at 37°C was first evaluated. Next, the cellular toxicity of ASCs transfected with SeV vectors was verified. In addition, SeV vectors were compared with adenovirus (AdV) vectors. Finally, the time-dependent GFP expression of ASCs transfected with SeV vectors was evaluated. The results showed that transfection of ASCs with SeV vectors results in more efficient expression of transgene (GFP expression) in the ASCs than with AdV vectors after 48 h of culture at 37°C. Moreover, while the transfection of ASCs with AdV vectors at high MOIs was cytotoxic (a lot of transfected cells died) that of ASCs with SeV vectors at high MOIs was not necessarily cytotoxic. In addition, the preservation of multilineage ASCs transfected with SeV was observed. In conclusion, this is the first report describing the successful use of SeV-mediated gene transfer in ASCs, and the results indicate that SeV may thus provide advantages with respect to safety issues in gene therapy.

Keywords: Adenovirus; Adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ASCs); Differentiation; Gene therapy; Reconstructive therapy; Sendai virus

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/000000008783907071

Affiliations: 1: Department of Advanced Medicine in Biotechnology and Robotics, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya 461-0047, Japan 2: Department of Advanced Medicine in Biotechnology and Robotics, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya 461-0047, Japan, Baylor All Saints Medical Center and Baylor Reserch Institute, Dallas, TX 75204, USA 3: Department of Bioagricultural Sciences, Nagoya University Graduate School of Bioagricultural Sciences, Nagoya 464-8601, Japan 4: DNAVEC Corporation, Ibaraki 305-0856, Japan

Publication date: January 1, 2008

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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