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Cryopreservation of Mouse Adipose Tissue-Derived Stem/Progenitor Cells

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Adipose tissue-derived stem/progenitor cells (ASCs) have been reported to differentiate not only into mesodermal cells such as osteoblasts, chondorocytes, and adipocytes, but also to endodermal cells such as hepatocytes and insulin-expressing cells. These stem/progenitor cells are expected to be used for variety of regenerative therapies. This study demonstrates the viability and the adipo/osteogenic potential of cryopreserved ASCs using seven cryopreservation solutions, including 10% DMSO, Cell Freezing Medium-DMSO, Cell Freezing Medium-Glycerol, Cell Banker 1, Cell Banker 1+, Cell Banker 2, and CP-1. ASCs were obtained from mouse subcutaneous adipose tissue. The viability of the cryopreserved ASCs was over 90% with Cell Banker 2 preservation, approximately 90% with Cell Banker 1, Cell Banker 1+, or CP-1 preservation, and less than 80% for 10% DMSO, Cell Freezing Medium-DMSO, or Cell Freezing Medium-Glycerol preservation. No difference in the adipo/osteogenic potential was found between cells with or without cryopreservation in Cell Banker 2. These data suggests that Cell Banker 2 is the most effective cryopreservation solution for ASCs and that cryopreserved as well as noncryopreserved ASCs could be applied for regenerative medicine.

Keywords: Adipo/osteogenic potential; Adipose tissue-derived stem/progenitor cells (ASCs); Cell viability; Cryopreservation solution

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Department of Advanced Medicine in Biotechnology and Robotics, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya 466-8550, Japan 2: Department of Advanced Medicine in Biotechnology and Robotics, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya 466-8550, Japan, Baylor Institute for Immunology Research, Baylor Research Institute, Dallas, TX 75204, USA 3: Department of Bioengineering Sciences, Nagoya University Graduate School of Bioagricultural Sciences, Nagoya 464-8601, Japan 4: Department of Cell Therapy, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya 466-8550, Japan 5: Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya 466-8550, Japan

Publication date: January 1, 2008

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.

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