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Bioartificial Pancreas for the Treatment of Diabetes

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Abstract:

Recent advances in islet transplantation using highly purified islets and effective immunosuppression strategies have resulted in substantial improvement in achieving insulin independence in type 1 diabetes patients. However, there are side effects from long-term immunosuppression, and transplant rejection and/or the recurrence of autoimmune attack of the transplanted islets cannot be completely prevented, even with immunosuppressive treatment. Therefore, construction of a safe and functional bioartificial pancreas (BAP) that provides an adequate environment for islet cells may be an important approach to treat diabetic patients. Various types of BAP devices have been developed and examined in animals. In this review, I introduce the previous BAP studies and our approach of BAP development.

Keywords: Bioartificial pancreas; Diabetes; Pancreatic islets

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/000000008783907107

Affiliations: Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Transplant and Surgical Oncology, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama 700-8558, Japan

Publication date: January 1, 2008

More about this publication?
  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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