Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) has been shown to be present in umbilical cord blood (UCB) in addition to hematopoietic stem cells. Cryopreservation is the accepted method for long-term storage of UCB. However, whether EPCs can be derived from cryopreserved UCB samples is unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the differentiation potential of EPCs from cryopreserved CB samples. CD34+ cells were isolated from fresh or frozen and thawed UCB using magnetic beads. Cells were then cultured on fibronectin-coated plates containing endothelial differentiation medium. After 4‐5 weeks in culture, endothelial-like cells were generated from fresh UCB samples, but not cryopreserved UCB samples. Examining this further, both fresh and frozen/thawed UCB MNCs were stained with Annexin V-PE and 7-actinomycin D (7-AAD) using flow cytometry. We found that there were a significant number of apoptotic cells in cryopreserved UCB samples compared to fresh UCB samples. In conclusion, cryopreservation induced UCB cell apoptosis and impaired EPC differentiation.
Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.