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IL-10 And IL-4 in Skin Allograft Survival Induced by T-Cell Depletion Plus Deoxyspergualin

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Abstract:

The mechanisms mediating T-cell depletion plus 15-deoxyspergualin (DSG)-induced prolonged allograft survival or tolerance are uncertain. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the role of IL-4 and IL-10 in prolonged allograft survival induced by T-cell depletion plus DSG. MHC mismatched skin allograft transplantation was performed, using wild-type and three separate knockout (i.e., IL-4−/−, Stat6−/−, or IL-10−/−) mice as recipients. Induction therapy consisted of T-cell depletion and or brief course of DSG. The data demonstrate that monotherapy with T-cell-depleting mAbs or DSG prolonged skin allograft survival, compared to controls, in wild-type Balb/c recipients [median survival time (MST) = 25 and 21 vs. 10 days, p < 0.007]. T-cell depletion plus DSG further augmented skin allograft survival in wild-type animals relative to monotherapy (MST = 35 days vs. 25 and 21 days, p < 0.006 vs. mAbs or DSG only), and was equally effective in IL-4−/− and Stat6−/− recipients. In contrast, combined therapy was no better than monotherapy in IL-10−/− animals (p > 0.05). Furthermore, skin allograft survival after combined therapy was shorter in IL-10−/− versus wild-type recipients (MST 20 and 41 days, respectively, p < 0.001). IL-4-mediated signaling through Stat6 is dispensable for prolonged allograft survival induced by T-cell depletion plus DSG. In contrast, IL-10 appears to be important for prolonged allograft survival induced by combined therapy in this model.

Keywords: Allografts; Cytokines; Deoxyspergualin (DSG); Depletion; Mice

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3727/096368908786092748

Publication date: 2008-06-01

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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