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Analysis of Donor- and Isolation-Related Variables From Non-Heart-Beating Donors (NHBDs) Using the Kyoto Islet Isolation Method

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Abstract:

Recently, we demonstrated that islet transplantation from non-heart-beating donors (NHBDs) using the Kyoto islet isolation method (KIIM) successfully reversed patients' diabetes state. In this study, we evaluated the effects of donor- and isolation-related variables on islet isolation results from NHBDs by KIIM. Twenty-one islet preparations from the pancreata of NHBDs were isolated by KIIM. Islet preparations that met transplantation criteria and achieved improved patient diabetes control after transplantation were defined as successful isolations. Potential risk factors deemed to affect islet isolation results, such as age, gender, body mass index, hospital stay, donors' blood biochemical tests, a modified pancreata procurement method, and isolation and purification procedure-related variables, were analyzed. Seventeen out of 21 islet isolations (81%) were successful isolations. Postpurification islet yield was 447,639 ± 39,902 islet equivalents (IE) in the successful isolation group and 108,007 ± 31,532 IE in the failure group. Donor age was significantly younger in the success group (41.9 ± 4.0 years old in the success group vs. 57.5 ± 2.2 years old in the failure group, p = 0.003). Chronic pancreatitis significantly decreased islet yields (p = 0.006). Phase I time was significantly shorter (p = 0.010) and undigested tissue volume was significantly smaller (p = 0.020) in the success group. Purity was in positive correlation to postpurification islet yield, while donor age was in reverse correlation to postpurification islet yield. KIIM enables us to perform islet transplantation from NHBDs; however, the decision to use pancreata from older donors or those with chronic pancreatitis requires careful consideration.

Keywords: Kyoto islet isolation method; Non-heart-beating donor; Pancreatic islet transplantation; Type 1 diabetes

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/096368908786092711

Publication date: June 1, 2008

More about this publication?
  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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