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Free Content Comparison of Human Serum With Fetal Bovine Serum for Expansion and Differentiation of Human Synovial MSC: Potential Feasibility for Clinical Applications

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The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of human serum (HS) on growth and differentiation capacity of human synovium-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) in comparison to cells grown in fetal bovine serum (FBS). Human MSCs were isolated from the synovium of knee joints of three donors and the cells were cultured individually in varying concentrations of allogenic HS or FBS. Bovine MSCs were isolated from synovium and cultured in the same manner. Cell proliferation was assessed by the tetrazolium assay after passage 3. The capacity for chondrogenic and osteogenic differentiation was investigated in specific media followed by 1,9-dimethylmethylene blue assay and alcian blue staining, or by alizarin red staining, respectively. Human MSCs proliferated significantly more rapidly in the presence of HS than with equivalent levels of FBS. Chondrogenic or osteogenic differentiation occurred to nearly identical levels in HS or FBS. The results of this study indicate that HS is superior for the culture of human MSCs compared with FBS in terms of cellular expandability, without losing chondrogenic or osteogenic differentiation capacity. Coupled with the advantage in eliminating the potential risk accompanied with the use of xeno-derived materials, pooled, well-characterized HS could be a useful reagent to promote cellular expansion for clinical synovial stem cell-based therapy.

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Keywords: Cell proliferation; Differentiation; Human serum; Human synovial mesenchymal stem cells

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2008-05-01

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.

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