Sertoli cells are important for maintenance of the immune privileged environment of the testis and prolong survival of cotransplanted cells. The objective of the current study was to examine the immunoprotective properties of a mouse Sertoli cell line (MSC-1) in order to identify a Sertoli cell line that could be used to aid in investigation of the immunoprotective abilities of Sertoli cells. BALB/c islets were cotransplanted with 0‐9 million primary BALB/c Sertoli cells or MSC-1 cells into diabetic C3H or BALB/c mice and protection of grafted islets was examined by monitoring blood glucose levels and immunohistochemical analysis. Additionally, expression of potential immunoprotective factors in MSC-1 cells was examined. Cotransplantation of islets with 3 million primary Sertoli cells significantly prolonged islet allograft survival (61.1 ± 6.9 days; p < 0.05) compared with control mice that received allogeneic islets alone (26.9 ± 2.1 days). Grafts collected from normoglycemic C3H mice at 100 days posttransplant contained insulin-positive -cells adjacent to allogeneic Sertoli cells arranged in tubule-like structures. In contrast, cotransplantation of islet allografts with MSC-1 cells did not prolong islet survival (average 29.8 ± 3.3 days) regardless of the number of MSC-1 cells transplanted and the rejected grafts contained very few -cells and randomly arranged MSC-1 cells. The lack of islet cell survival was not due to detrimental effects of MSC-1 cells because syngneic islets cotransplanted with MSC-1 cells were functional throughout the study. MSC-1 cells were found to express known Sertoli cell-expressed, immunoprotective factors, clusterin, Fas ligand, and transforming growth factor-1, suggesting additional factors may be involved in Sertoli cell immune privilege. These data indicate the MSC-1 cell line lacks the immunoprotective properties associated with primary Sertoli cells. Further study of this cell line could be useful in examining the mechanisms that enable Sertoli cells to provide immune privilege.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2008-05-01
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Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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