Implanted Mouse Bone Marrow-Derived Cells Reconstruct Layered Smooth Muscle Structures in Injured Urinary Bladders
Abstract:This study is a preliminary investigation to determine if bone marrow-derived cells, when implanted into freeze-injured urinary bladders, differentiate into smooth muscle cells and reconstruct smooth muscle layers. Bone marrow cells were harvested from femurs of male ICR mice and cultured in collagen-coated dishes for 7 days. After 5 days of culture, the cells were transfected with green fluorescent protein (GFP) genes for identification in recipient tissues. Three days prior to implantation, the posterior urinary bladder walls of female nude mice were injured with an iron bar refrigerated by dry ice. Seven days after the culture and 3 days after the injury, adherent, proliferating GFP-labeled bone marrow-derived cells (1.0 × 105 cells) were implanted into the injured regions. For controls, a cell-free solution was injected. At 14 days after implantation, the experimental urinary bladders were analyzed by histological, gene expression, and cystometric investigations. Just prior to implantation, the injured regions did not have any smooth muscle layers. After 14 days, the implanted cells surviving in the recipient tissues were detected with GFP antibody. The implanted regions had distinct smooth muscle layers composed of regenerated smooth muscle marker-positive cells. The implanted GFP-labeled cells differentiated into smooth muscle cells that formed into layers. The differentiated cells contacted each other within the implanted region as well as smooth muscle cells of the host. As a result, the reconstructed smooth muscle layers were integrated into the host tissues. Control mice injected with cell-free solution developed only few smooth muscle cells and no layers. Cystometric investigations showed that mice with implanted the cells developed bladder contractions similar to normal mice, whereas control mice did not. In summary, mouse bone marrow-derived cells can reconstruct layered smooth muscle structures in injured bladders to remediate urinary dysfunction.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: March 1, 2008
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