Multifunctional Pancreatic Islet Encapsulation Barriers Achieved Via Multilayer PEG Hydrogels

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Abstract:

The diverse requirements for a successful islet encapsulation barrier suggest the benefit of a barrier system that presents differing functionalities to encapsulated cells and host cells. Initially, multifunctional hydrogels were synthesized via the sequential photopolymerization of PEG hydrogel layers, each with different isolated functionalities. The ability to achieve localized biological functionalities was confirmed by immunostaining of different entrapped antibodies within each hydrogel layer. Survival of murine islets macroencapsulated within the interior gel of two-layer hydrogel constructs was then assessed. Maintenance of encapsulated islet survival and function was observed within multilayer hydrogels over 28 days in culture. Additionally, the functionalization of the islet-containing interior PEG gel layer with cell–matrix moieties, with either 100 g/ml laminin or 5 mM of the adhesive peptide IKVAV found in laminin, resulted in increased insulin secretion from encapsulated islets similar to that in gels without an exterior hydrogel layer. Finally, through cell seeding experiments, the ability of an unmodified, exterior PEG layer to prevent interactions, and thus attachment, between nonencapsulated fibroblasts and entrapped ECM components within the interior PEG layer was demonstrated. Together the presented results support the potential of multilayer hydrogels for use as multifunctional islet encapsulation barriers that provide a localized biologically active islet microenvironment, while presenting an inert, immunoprotective exterior surface to the host environment, to minimize graft–host interactions.

Keywords: Cell–matrix interactions; Immunoprotection; Islet encapsulation; Multilayer hydrogel

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/000000007783472336

Affiliations: 1: Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, 80309-0424, USA 2: Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, 80309-0424, USA, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, 80309-0424, USA

Publication date: October 1, 2007

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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