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Comparison of Successful and Unsuccessful Islet/Sertoli Cell Cotransplant Grafts in Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Mice

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Sertoli cells (SC) protect islet allografts from immune destruction in diabetic rodents. In this study, we examined the difference between successful and rejected islet/SC cografts in order to further improve this procedure for optimal extension of islet allograft survival. We cotransplanted 500 BALB/c islets with 1–8 million BALB/c SC under the kidney capsule of diabetic BALB/c, C3H-HeJ, and C57BL/6 mice. Cotransplantation of islets with up to 8 million SC was not detrimental to long-term islet graft function in syngeneic mice. However, large numbers of SC were detrimental to islet graft survival in allogeneic mice with the optimal dose for cotransplantation of 4 or 1 million SC in C3H-HeJ or C57BL/6 mice, respectively. Examination of successful grafts, from euglycemic recipients, revealed the presence of SC arranged in tubule structures with islets surrounding these tubules. Cellular infiltrate in successful grafts revealed CD4 T cells and macrophages along the periphery and within the grafts, and very few CD8 T cells. Conversely, examination of unsuccessful grafts, harvested from hyperglycemic recipients at the time of rejection, revealed the presence of SC arranged randomly with islets adjacent to the Sertoli cells, when present, and massive CD4 and CD8 T cell as well as macrophage cell infiltration. Prolongation of islet allograft survival appeared to be a function of SC transplant mass and recipient genetic background. A consequence of long-term graft acceptance is the formation of SC tubule structures, which may be an additional requirement for optimal protection of islet allografts.
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Keywords: Diabetes; Islet; Sertoli cell; Transplantation

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Cell Biology and Biochemistry, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, TX 79430, USA 2: Surgical-Medical Research Institute, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, T6J 6J5 Canada 3: Surgical-Medical Research Institute, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, T6J 6J5 Canada, Department of Surgery, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, T6J 6J5 Canada 4: Department of Biochemistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, T6J 6J5 Canada

Publication date: 2007-10-01

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.

    Cell Transplantation is now being published by SAGE. Please visit their website for the most recent issues.

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