Recombinant AAV Viral Vectors Serotype 1, 2, and 5 Mediate Differential Gene Transfer Efficiency in Rat Striatal Fetal Grafts
Abstract:Intrastriatal grafts of fetal ganglionic eminences (GE) can reverse symptoms of striatal lesions in animal models of Huntington's disease. On the other hand, neurotrophic factors have been shown to protect host striatal neurons from ongoing degeneration. Neurotrophic gene transfer into GE prior to grafting could combine the benefits of striatal neuron replacement and in situ delivery of neurotrophic factors. Here we evaluate the potency of recombinant adeno-associated viruses (rAAV) as vectors for gene delivery into rat embryonic (E15) GE using the eGFP reporter gene under the control of the strong cytomegalovirus (CMV) promoter. We observed a very efficient expression of the eGFP reporter gene in organotypic cultures of GE infected with rAAV serotype 1 from 4 days until at least 4 weeks postinfection. In contrast, transduction was low and absent when using serotype 2 and serotype 5 rAAV, respectively. Two months after transplantation of rAAV2/1-infected embryonic GE in adult rat striatum, more than 20% of grafted cells expressed eGFP. The majority of transduced cells in the graft were neurons as indicated by colabeling of GFP-immunoreactive cells with the NeuN marker. Our study suggests that GE transduced by rAAV-serotype 1 vectors could be an interesting tool to mediate efficient expression of a gene coding a neurotrophic factor in Huntington's disease.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Laboratory of Experimental Neurosurgery, Hôpital Erasme, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium, Department of Neurosurgery, Hôpital Erasme, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium 2: Department of Neurosurgery, Hôpital Erasme, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium 3: Research Unit in Biotherapy and Oncology, Institut de Recherche Interdisciplinaire en Biologie Humaine et Moléculaire, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium 4: Laboratory of Experimental Neurosurgery, Hôpital Erasme, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium
Publication date: October 1, 2007
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