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Cardiac Cell-Based Therapy: Cell Types and Mechanisms of Actions

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Abstract:

Over the past decade, the concept that the heart could undergo cardiac regeneration has rapidly evolved. Studies have indicated that numerous sites in the body harbor stem or progenitor cells, prompting clinical trials of these potential therapeutic cell-based approaches. Most notable are the series of trials utilizing either skeletal myoblasts or autologous whole bone marrow. More recently the quest has focused on specific bone marrow constituents, most notably the mesenchymal stem cell, which has several unique advantages including immunoprivilege, immunosuppression, and the ability to home to areas of tissue injury. Most recently, cells have been identified within the heart itself that are capable of self-replication and differentiation. The discovery of cardiac stem cells offers not only a potential therapeutic approach but also provides a plausible target for endogenous activation as a therapeutic strategy. Together the new insights obtained from studies of cell-based cardiac therapy have ushered in new biological paradigms and enormous potential for novel therapeutic strategies for cardiac disease.

Keywords: Cell therapy; Heart failure; Myocardial infarction; Stem cells

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3727/096368907783338208

Affiliations: The Interdisciplinary Stem Cell Institute, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, FL, USA

Publication date: 2007-09-01

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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