Acute Myocardial Infarction in Swine Rapidly and Selectively Releases Highly Proliferative Endothelial Colony Forming Cells (ECFCs) Into Circulation

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Abstract:

We have recently identified endothelial colony forming cells (ECFCs) in human blood and blood vessels, and ECFC are elevated in patients with coronary artery disease. Because pigs are a favored model for studying myocardial ischemia, we questioned whether ECFCs also exist in swine and whether myocardial ischemia would alter the number of ECFC in circulation. ECFCs were present in circulating blood and aortic endothelium of healthy pigs. In pigs with an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) (n = 9), the number of circulating ECFC was markedly increased compared to sham control pigs (15 ± 6 vs. 1 ± 1 colonies/100 cc blood, p < 0.05). Moreover, the percentage of circulating high proliferative potential ECFCs (HPP-ECFCs) was significantly increased following AMI induction compared to sham control (38.4 ± 5.8% vs. 0.4 ± 0.4%, p < 0.05) and to baseline (38.4 ± 5.8% vs. 2.4 ± 2.4%, p < 0.05) blood samples. This is the first study to report that ECFCs are present in blood and aorta in healthy pigs and that the number and distribution of circulating ECFCs is altered following AMI. Because circulating ECFC are also altered in human subjects with severe coronary artery disease, the pig model of AMI may be an excellent preclinical model to test the role of ECFC in the pathophysiology of AMI.

Keywords: Angiogenesis; Endothelial colony forming cell (ECFC); Endothelium; Myocardial infarction

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/096368907783338181

Affiliations: 1: Department of Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, USA, Indiana Center for Vascular Biology and Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, USA 2: Department of Pediatrics, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, USA, Herman B Wells Center for Pediatric Research, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, USA

Publication date: September 1, 2007

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.

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