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The Effects of Cell Density and Device Arrangement on the Behavior of Macroencapsulated -Cells

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Abstract:

Over the last several decades, considerable research has focused on the development of cell encapsulation technology to treat a number of diseases, especially type 1 diabetes. One of the key advantages of cell encapsulation is that it permits the use of xenogenic tissue, particularly animal-derived cell lines. This is an attractive idea, because it circumvents the issue of a limited human organ supply. Furthermore, as opposed to whole islets, cell lines have a better proliferative capacity and can easily be amplified in culture to provide an endless supply of uniform cells. We have previously described a macroencapsulation device for the immunoisolation of insulin-secreting -cells. The aim of this work was to optimize the viability and insulin secretion of cells encapsulated within this device. Specifically, the effects of cell packing density and device membrane configuration were investigated. The results indicated that cell density plays an important role in the secretory capacity of the cells, with higher cell density leading to increased insulin secretion. Increasing the transport area of the capsule by modifying the membrane configuration also led to an improvement in the insulin output of the device.

Keywords: Cell density; Cell encapsulation; Diabetes; Immunoisolation; -Cells

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/000000007783465262

Affiliations: 1: Department of Biomedical Engineering, Boston University, Boston, MA 02215, USA 2: Department of Electrical Engineering and Biomedical Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA 3: Department of Physiology and Division of Bioengineering, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA

Publication date: August 1, 2007

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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