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Improved Quantity and In Vivo Function of Islets Isolated by Reduced Pressure-Controlled Injection of Collagenase in a Rat Model

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Abstract:

In islet transplantation, insufficient yield is a major obstacle to one-donor/one-recipient transplant. Collagenase, which is injected via a pancreatic duct to separate islets from acini, can so easily distribute into the islet core that it may result in disruption of islets. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the superiority of reduced pressure-controlled collagenase injection (RPCI) at 80 mmHg on islet isolation to injection at 180 mmHg by examining in vivo transplant experiments besides the yield and the glucose stimulation test in a rat model. Lewis rat pancreases were distended with collagenase solution at 80 mmHg pressure as the RPCI group (group 1) and at 180 mmHg (group 2), followed by isolation. The yield in group 1 (1100 ± 160 islets with 2750 ± 530 IEQ) was significantly higher than that in group 2 (900 ± 130 islets with 1570 ± 350 IEQ, p < 0.01) due to the significant difference of the number of islets sized >150 m in diameter, although the purity was not significantly different between the two groups. Stimulation indices in the glucose stimulation tests were 2.88 ± 1.12 in group 1 and 1.93 ± 0.62 in group 2 (p < 0.05). The cure rate by transplantation of 100 islets to diabetic nude mice in group 1 (8/10) was significantly higher than that in group 2 (3/10, p < 0.05). In a syngenic transplant model of 90% of islets isolated from one donor, the cure rates were 100% and 67% in groups 1 and 2, respectively (NS). The area under the curve on the graph of IPGTT on postoperative day 28 in group 1 was significantly smaller than that in group 2 (p < 0.05). In conclusion, our data show that RPCI at 80 mmHg could contribute to consistently high islet yield and in vivo function in a rat model. It was suggested that the current human protocol should be reviewed from this viewpoint.

Keywords: Islet isolation; Islet transplantation; Reduced pressure-controlled injection of collagenase

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3727/000000007783464957

Affiliations: 1: Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan 2: Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan, 21st Century COE Program, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan

Publication date: 2007-05-01

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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