In Vitro Exposure of Cultured Porcine Choroid Plexus Epithelial Cells to Immunosuppressant, Anti-Inflammatory, and Psychoactive Drugs

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Abstract:

Delivery of neurotrophic molecules to the CNS is a potential treatment for preventing the neuronal loss in neurological disorders such as Huntington's disease (HD). Choroid plexus (CP) epithelial cell transplants secrete several neurotrophic factors and are neuroprotective in rat and monkey animal models of HD. HD patients receiving CP transplants would likely receive a course of immunosuppressant/anti-inflammatory treatment postsurgery and would remain on psychoactive medications to treat their motor, psychiatric, and emotional symptoms. Therefore, we examined whether CP epithelial cells are impacted by incubation with cyclosporine A (CsA), dexmethasone, haloperidol, fluoxetine, and carbamezapine. In each case, DNA was quantified to determine cell number, a formazen dye-based assay was used to quantify cell metabolism, and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels were measured as a marker of protein secretion. Except for the highest dose of fluoxetine, none of the drugs tested exerted any detrimental effect on cell number. Incubation with CsA or dexamethasone did not have any consistent significant effect on VEGF secretion or cell metabolism. Carbamazepine was without effect while only the highest dose of haloperidol tested modestly lowered cell metabolism. VEGF secretion and cell metabolism was not measurable from CP cells exposed to 100 M fluoxetine. These data continue to support the potential use of CP transplants in HD.

Keywords: Choroid plexus; Encapsulation; Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF); Xenotransplant

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/000000007783464867

Affiliations: LCT BioPharma, Inc., Providence, RI, USA

Publication date: April 1, 2007

More about this publication?
  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.

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